Cardiff

Cardiff

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The Angel Hotel Castle Street Cardiff South Glamorgan CF1 0 1SZ

Cardiff

Cardiff is the capital and most significant city of Wales. In the United Kingdom, Cardiff is the 11th largest city. Within the Welsh unitary authority system of local government, Cardiff exists both as a county and a city. In Wales, Cardiff city is the most popular visitor destination. Cardiff is becoming extremely popular among tourists for its history and Welsh culture. In the year 2010, approximately 18.3 million tourists visit the city. Some of the famous attractions of the Cardiff city include The Millennium Stadium, Cardiff Castle, Llandaf Cathedral, Cathays Park, The Wales Millennium Centre, Beaupre Castle and Pierhead building. In alternative tourist destinations of 2011 (National Geographic), this city stood 6th in the world. Earlier Cardiff had a reputation of an industrial city, but now it has changed to a modern capital city.

Government

City and County Council of Cardiff govern the city. In every four years, voters elect 75 councillors. For local government, Cardiff city is segregated into communities. Some of these communities have their community council, and Cardiff City Council solely governs the rest of the communities. Pentyrch, Tongwynlais, Lisvane and St Fagans are some of them.

Education

Cardiff University, University of South Wales, Cardiff Metropolitan University and the Royal Welsh College of Music & Drama are the four significant institutions providing higher education in Cardiff. In 1883, Royal Charter founded the Cardiff University. Cardiff Metropolitan University is a part of the confederal University of Wales and has campuses in the Cyncoed, Llandaff and city centre areas and in 1949, the Royal Welsh College of Music & Drama established.

Cardiff has two education colleges, one is Cardiff and Vale College which is formed by merging Coleg Glan Hafren and Barry College and the second college is St. David's College. There are three state nursery schools, 19 state secondary schools and 98 state primary schools in Cardiff. St John's College, Cardiff Sixth Form College, Llandaff Cathedral School and Howell's School are some of the independent schools in the city. Some notable schools of Cardiff include Fitzalan High School, Whitchurch High School and Ysgol Gyfun Gymraeg Glantaf. Cardiff is home to Techniquest (science discovery centre) and the largest regional office of the International Baccalaureate Organisation (IBO).

Transportation

Cardiff Central Railway Station with seven platforms is the largest railway station in Wales. This railway station provides direct services to Newport and Bridgend, long distance services to Bristol, London, Holyhead, Wrexham, Manchester and Birmingham. The second busiest station in Wales is Cardiff Queen Street railway station. It provides services to Cardiff Bay and is positioned at the eastern end of the city centre.

Cardiff Airport provides domestic and international air links to South & West Wales and Cardiff. Cardiff airport is situated 16 km west of the city. Daily rail and bus services are provided to the airport.

The M4 motorway connects the city with Newport and London to the east and Swansea to the west. Another significant road in the Cardiff city is A470 providing an essential link to the north. Cardiff has extensive bus network. Some of the major bus service providers in the city are NAT Group, Stagecoach, municipal bus company Cardiff Bus and FirstGroup. Megabus and National Express provide direct bus services to London, Bristol, Newcastle upon Tyne and Manchester.

Climate

Cardiff has maritime climate distinguished by mild weather that is usually wet, cloudy and windy. In summers average temperature of the city is between 19 and 22°C. The city is sunniest during July and least sunny during December. The maximum temperature of the city is around 21.5 °C and minimum is 2.1 °C Rainfall is infrequently excessive in the city, and the temperature generally stays beyond freezing. Cardiff city experiences less rainfall as compared to Wales.

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