London is known as the city with the highest population in England, United Kingdom. The Romans established London on the River Thames in the south coast of the island of Great Britain. It is a leading global city in various areas such as arts, commerce, education, fashion, media, research and others. It also happens to be the sixth largest metropolitan area in the whole world.
London has various types of people and cultures. There are around 300 languages which are spoken in the region. The Tower of London, Kew Gardens, Westminster Abbey, and St Margaret’s Church are the four primary World Heritage Sites.
London is the biggest metropolitan area in Europe and generates about 30% of the UK’s GDP. Canary Wharf and City of London are the two major Central Business Districts in London. Media and technology companies are more concentrated in London as compared to others. The BBC is a significant employer, and other broadcasters have headquarters around the City of London.
London is one of the leading tourist destinations in the world and most visited city with over 65 million people visiting London. Tourism is the prime industry and according to a report the industry employed over 350,000 full-time workers in 2003.
London is a major global centre for further teaching and research, and there are various institutes which provide higher education in Europe. London has top class universities of the world and also has an international student population of about 110,000 which is larger than any other city in the world.
London Business Schools include The London School of Business and Finance, Hult International Business School, ESCP Europe, Imperial College Business School. There are the majority of primary and secondary schools which are controlled by the London boroughs such as Hammersmith and West London College, Tower Hamlets College, Bethnal Green Academy. City of London School, Harrow, University College School, Highgate School and St Paul’s School are the other schools and colleges in London.
Leisure and entertainment
Leisure is the significant part of the London economy; the city is the fashion capital of the world and also one of the third busiest film production centres in the world. Oxford Street is the longest shopping street in the United Kingdom, and there are some retail and departmental stores on Oxford Street.
Literature, film and television
Shakespeare spent a large part of his life in London. Ben Jonson who was also based in the London city, set his play “The Alchemist” in the London town. London has played an imperative role in the film industry. There are some studios which are based in London such as Ealing, Shepperton, Pinewood, Elstree and Borehamwood and others. London has been the setting for films including Oliver Twist, Scrooge, Peter Pan, My Fair Lady, The Long Good Friday and others. Notable actors and filmmakers such as Helen Mirren, Benedict Cumberbatch, Tom Hardy, Keira Knightly and many others belong to this city.
Museums and art galleries
London has many museums, galleries and many other institutions. It was in 1753 in Bloomsbury that the first British Museum came up. London is known as one of the major classical and popular music capitals of the world. It is also home to the major music companies such as Warner Music Group. There are various bands, musicians, industry professionals in London. The city has several sites for rock and pop concerts which include O2 arena and other large arenas such as Earls Court, Wembley Arena etc. Various music festivals are held in London including Wireless Festival, Lovebox, and South West Four.
London has played host to the Summer Olympics three times in 1908, 1948 and 2012. It also hosted the World Championships in Athletics for the first time in 2017. The most popular game in London is Football, and there are twelve football league clubs including the Arsenal, Crystal Palace, Tottenham Hotspur, West Ham United, Chelsea. From 1924, the Wembley Stadium was the home of the English National Football team. It also hosted the FIFA World Cup Final in 1966. Now, the new Wembley Stadium serves same purposes but has a capacity of 90,000.