Brighton is a famous seaside resort located on the south coast of England. Brighton is the unitary authority of Brighton and Hove and historic county of Sussex. To create the unitary authority of the city of Brighton and Hove, two neighbouring communities of Brighton and Hove are joined together in the year 2000. According to the census in mid-2016, the Brighton town has a total population of 289,200. As the old town developed, the importance of the Brighton town grew in the middle ages, but due to foreign attacks, storms and declining population, it languished in the early modern period. The town has attracted many visitors after becoming a boarding point for boats that are travelling to France.
In 2015-16, the town has attracted approximately 7.5 million day visitors and 4.9 million overnight visitors. For overseas tourists, Brighton is the most popular seaside destination in the United Kingdom. Brighton also became famous as a health resort. Brighton has been considered as the happiest place to live in the United Kingdom and has also been called the UK’s “hippest city”.
The University of Sussex is a campus research-intensive university established in 1961. The University of Sussex is home to the reputed Science Policy Research Unit and the Institute of Development Studies. For development studies, the university has been ranked 1st (currently 110th) in the world by World University Rankings, and in the United Kingdom, it has been ranked 18th.
University of Brighton has nearby 20,017 students out of which 80% are undergraduates. The University has additional buildings in Eastbourne, Falmer, Hastings and Moulsecoomb. Both the universities, i.e. University of Brighton and the University of Sussex has formed a medical school, naming Brighton and Sussex Medical School. The school works with the Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust and was one of the schools created to increase the number of qualified NHS doctors. The city has some notable state schools comprising Longhill High School, Patcham High School, and Varndean School and independent schools including Montessori School, Steiner School.
Brighton town has several bus routes, railway stations, taxis and coach services. The A23 (London Road), A259 and A27 trunk route connect the Brighton town with the national road network. The A23 is the principal route from London and Gatwick airport. The railway stations of the Brighton town is always busy as many residents commute to work in London. The trains from the city mostly serve Gatwick Airport. Trains also run from the Portsmouth and Chichester in the west and Hastings and Lewes in the east.
The town has an extensive bus network. Most of the bus services run by the Go-Ahead group. Some other bus service providers to central Brighton are The Sussex bus, Metrobus, and The Big Lemon. In 2012, Brighton town had almost 1,184 bus stops out of which 456 had a shelter.
Gatwick Airport is the nearest airport to the town, and it is the second busiest airport in the United Kingdom. Daily rail and coach services run from the town to the Gatwick Airport.
Some of the famous attractions of the Brighton town are: