Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland and situated in Lothian on the Firth of Forth’s southern shore. The City was recognised as the capital of Scotland in the 15th century. It is the favourite place for tourists and attracts over one million visitors each year.
It is the most populous city in Scotland, and the estimated population of the town in 2012 was 464,990. National Museum of Scotland, the Scottish National Gallery and the National Library of Scotland are the national institutions in the city. The University of Edinburgh was established in 1582 and ranked 23rd in the QS World University Rankings in 2018.
Edinburgh has the most robust economy in the United Kingdom, and 43% of the population hold professional qualifications. It is one of the biggest competitive city in the United Kingdom according to the Centre for International Competitiveness. During the 19th century, the economy of Edinburgh was based on the publishing, banking and brewing. Today, the economy is known for financial services, higher education, financial services and tourism. Edinburgh became a second favourite place among international visitors in the United Kingdom after London.
Tourism is the primary element in the economy of the city. There are some historical places in the city such as the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh Castle and the new or old towns.
There are many events which are held in the city such as Edinburgh Military Tattoo, Edinburgh International Festival, Edinburgh International Book Festival and these festivals are held between of July and early September every year. Edinburgh International Festival is the most extended festival in Edinburgh, and it was first held in 1947.
The city has two commercial radio stations- Forth 1 is the station which broadcasts chat music and Forth two plays classical music. BFBS Radio is used to transmit from studios across the city on 98.5FM. Princes Street is the major shopping area in the town centre, and there are stores such as H&M, Jenners, and Boots the Chemist. North of Princess Street and George Street is one of the favoured sites for some upmarket shops and independent shops. Hermiston Gait and The Gyle Shopping Centre is situated in the west of the city centre.
There are four universities in Edinburgh. The University of Edinburgh is one of the oldest university of Scotland, as well as the United Kingdom. Queen Margaret University was situated in the city centre but has now been moved to a new site near Musselburgh since 2008. The higher education colleges Jewel and Esk College, and Telford College opened in 1968 whereas the Stevenson College was was opened in 1970.
Three football clubs in the city play in the Scottish Professional Football League. The Heart of Midlothian was established in 1874 and Hibernian was founded in 1875. The clubs like Heart of Midlothian and Hibernian are locally called “Hearts” and “Hibs”.
The Scottish Rugby Union team maintains the Scotland national rugby union team. The team plays at Murrayfield Stadium which has a seating capacity of 67,144 spectators in Scotland.
The Scottish Cricket team play their home games at Grange cricket club and also represents Scotland internationally. The Edinburgh Capitals are an ice hockey club and play in the Elite Ice Hockey League. Since 2003, Edinburgh Marathon has been held annually with more than 16,000 participants.