Leeds is a city in West Yorkshire in England. It lies along the River Aire which is about 48 km in the northeast of Manchester. An abundant supply of soft water from the Aire’s tributaries, the excellent transport links of the city through the Pennines and the ore deposits of coal and iron in the locality, helped make it the industrial capital of Yorkshire. It is one of the major cultural centres of Britain and the largest city in Yorkshire. In 2016, Leeds had population around 781,700, making it the third-most populous British city. In the Middle Ages, it developed as a market town. Before the Industrial Revolution, Leeds became a coordination centre for the manufacture of woollen cloth. In 1770, one-sixth of England's export trade was handled by the city.
The city developed into a larger mill town during the Industrial Revolution. Printing, flax, engineering, iron foundries and other industries were important, but wool was the most dominant industry in the city. From the decline of the post-industrial era, Leeds has developed to become a telephone banking centre, and there has been growth in the legal and corporate sectors, and enhanced the local affluence has driven to an expanding retail sector. Leeds has the highest ratio of private and public sectors jobs in the United Kingdom.
According to 2001 census, Leeds had 183,000 population of young people aged 0-19, out of which 110,000 attended the local authority schools. In 2008, Leeds City Council owned a non-profit company to provide secondary schools (39), primary schools (220) and special learning centres (6). Leeds secured 250 million pounds to transform 13 secondary schools into high e-confident schools. Pudsey Grangefield School, Rodillian School, and Allerton High School were the first three schools started in September 2008. The Grammar School at Leeds is the oldest and largest private school in Leeds, recreated in 2005 following the merger of Leeds Girls' High School and Leeds Grammar School.
Colleges and Universities
Leeds College of Building, Sixth Form College, Leeds City College and Elliott Hudson College provide higher education in Leeds. For further education, Leeds has five universities, i.e. Leeds Trinity University, Leeds Beckett University, University of Law, University of Leeds and Leeds Arts University. Northern School of Contemporary Dance and Leeds College of Music are the other higher education establishments.
Leeds is located on the A61 and A58 and the starting point of the A63, A62, A64, A65 and A660 roads. Leeds has an urban motorway network which consists of Inner Ring Road and Outer Ring Road. As per 2012 study, Leeds-Bradford was rated as the seventh most grid-locked city, because of this drivers spend an average 80 hours of their time in congestion on road.
In Leeds, bus services are the primary means of public transport. Arriva Yorkshire and First Leeds are the main providers which serve the routes to the south of the city. Leeds City bus stations provide bus services to cities in Yorkshire. Keighley Bus Company serves the bus services to Bingley, Shipley, and Keighley and Harrogate Bus Company serves bus services to Ripon and Harrogate.
Leeds Railway Station is the mainline railway station located on New Station Street. It is a third-busiest station with 17 platforms in the UK outside London.
Leeds Bradford Airport is located at Yeadon and has both scheduled and charter flights to destinations within Europe and Egypt, Pakistan, Tunisia, the USA and Turkey.
The Pennines and the Atlantic Ocean influence the climate of Leeds. Leeds weather is reliably dry comparative to the other cities and has fine sunny days. Temperature climb well above 20°C during the late-spring and summer months.